TACTIC liaises with and/or relates to the project listed below:
CapHaz-Net (social capacity building for natural hazards: Toward more resilience societies) was a three-year project running from June 2009 to May 2012. CapHaz-Net contributed to the improvement of the social resilience of European societies to natural hazards. This was done by identifying and assessing existing practices and policies for social capacity building in the field of natural hazards. Like TACTIC, CapHaz-Net was coordinated by UFZ. Thus, TACTIC can build on a range of finding from CapHaz-Net, especially in the fields of risk communication, preparedness, and flooding in Central Europe.
EmBRACE (Building Resilience Amongst Communities in Europe) is a four year project that started in October 2011. The primary aim of the emBRACE project is to build resilience to disasters amongst communities in Europe. To achieve this, it is considered vital to merge forces in research knowledge, networking and practices as a prerequisite for more coherent scientific approaches. emBRACE analyses past crisis events to gain more insight into the dynamics of impact. emBRACE is coordinated by UoN. UFZ is also involved in the project. TACTIC and will develop synergies between both projects, especially in the flood-related case studies.
FORTRESS (Foresight Tools for Responding to cascading effects in a crisis) is a three year project that started in April 2014 and will end in March 2017. The aim of the project is to identify and understand cascading effects of a crisis by using evidence-based information from a range of previous crisis situations. Cascading effects in crisis situations are frequently caused by the interrelatedness and interdependency of systems and infrastructure; crises not simply affect one system or a part thereof, but cause a chain of effects. These effects spread disruptions in complex ways that makes them difficult to comprehend and deal with. FORTRESS has thirteen partners. Trilateral Research and Consulting is involved in both TACTIC and FORTRESS and will develop synergies between the two projects.
POP-ALERT (http://www.pop-alert.eu/) is a 2 year project financed by the European Commission’s 7th Framework Programme. It proposes to undertake thorough behavioural research and take traditional Crisis Management research a step further by carrying out a series of empirical studies, taking into account new issues related to targeting both local populations and visitors such as expats or tourists (cultural differences, language barriers, etc.), in order to create a framework to facilitate the assessment of the population’s capacity to absorb and prepare to make use of different Crisis Management strategies and technologies developed at the EU level.
COSMIC (the Contribution of Social Media In Crisis management – www.cosmic-project.eu/) is a two year project that started in April 2013. The COSMIC project will identify the most effective ways to use new information and communication technologies (ICTs) in crisis situations for the protection of ordinary citizens. It will ensure better linkages between prevention, detection, reporting and rescue in crisis situations as well as assist officials and first responders in using new ICTs and applications to be more effective and efficient during crises. COSMIC has seven partners, of which Trilateral Research and Consulting (TRI) and European Dynamics (ED) are also involved in TACTIC. These partners will work towards bridging relevant lessons learned between the projects.
DISASTER (Data Interoperability Solution At STakeholders Emergency Reaction http://disaster-fp7.eu/), is a three year project (February 2012 – January 2015) addressing the challenge of information exchange in an international crisis episode due to cultural, linguistic and legal differences between stakeholders. Misunderstandings slow down decision-making and make it more difficult. IT-based Emergency Management Systems (EMS) currently present significant interoperability problems that need to be solved towards a proper information exchange and understanding between heterogeneous systems located in different countries, and operating within different contexts. DISASTER addresses interoperability from a broad perspective (including differences in language, culture, background, data representation, or format and protocol standards), providing a seamless interoperability solution for EMS-to-EMS communication and information sharing, based on a common ontology, and a Service Oriented Architecture mediation and translation services.
CascEff is a three year project that started in April 2014. The aim of the project is to model dependencies and cascading effects for emergency management in crisis situations. Like FORTRESS it will produce tools and models. The proposed models of dependences and effects in crisis situations will elaborate on the extent of the risk for crisis situations.
PREDICT (PREparing for the Domino effect in Crisis siTuations) is a three year project that started in April 2014. The general objective of the PREDICT project is to deliver a comprehensive solution for dealing with cascading effects in multi-sectoral crisis situations. It aims to do so by developing software tools based on models of cascading effects.
Risk Map was a two year project (9/2009 – 8/2011) funded in the 2nd ERA-Net CRUE Research Funding Initiative. Its main objective was to contribute to the enhancement of communities’ resilience by improving risk maps. To reach this overall objective RISK MAP departed from the assumption that risk maps are not only a means to inform citizens about future risks; they are also a possibility to stimulate public participation between governmental institutions, private companies and associations, alliances, interests groups, and citizens. UFZ was involved in Risk Map and developed knowledge in risk communication that will now be applied in TACTIC.
FLOODsite was an “Integrated Project” in the Global Change and Ecosystems priority of the Sixth Framework Programme of the European Commission. It commenced in 2004 and ended in 2009. The FLOODsite consortium included 37 of Europe’s leading institutes and universities and the project involves managers, researchers and practitioners from a range of government, commercial and research organisations, specialising in aspects of flood risk management. It covered the physical, environmental, ecological and socio-economic aspects of floods from rivers, estuaries and the sea. UFZ coordinated FLOODsite and builds on the knowledge obtained in the field of flood risk management in TACTIC.
First responders need innovative holistic solutions to help them address the current gaps in communication and improve health outcomes. Thus COncORDE (Development of Coordination Mechanisms During Different Kinds of Emergencies)‘s gap analysis has elicited the general “hands-on” practical needs to bridge the gaps for better provision of patient-centred emergency response. Innovation does not imply changing the way of doing things. The innovation is about finding smart solutions to enable first responders to “do what they usually do” better. The COncORDE project will develop a Decision Support System (DSS) to improve preparedness and interoperability of medical services during an emergency which affects the health of the population at local, regional or cross-border level. The project will incorporate existing operational assets related to security, trust and infrastructure and leverage them within the DSS
COBACORE is an FP7-funded research project involving partners from across Europe. The aim of the project is to enable a faster and more efficient emergency response in the wake of a large-scale disaster. To do this, the COBACORE platform and tools use information and capabilities from the affected community, and build upon this to close the collaboration gaps between victims, volunteers and professional emergency responders.
DRIVER is a large-scale demonstration project, funded under the EU 7th Framework Programme, that addresses concept development, experimentation and innovation activities in crisis management (CM) and which is aimed at improving European resilience (the ability to withstand and recover from unexpected shocks) and response in the face of major incidents and disasters. The project started in May 2014 and will run until October 2018. DRIVER addresses the needs for European crisis management identified by previous EU-funded projects like ACRIMAS and CRYSIS. DRIVER seeks to achieve step-wise innovation that is based on the systematic assessment and iterative adaptation of research results to operational requirements in three main thematic strands: civil society resilience, professional response (Command & Control) and evolved learning. In this context DRIVER’s overall mission is to improve crisis management through more systematic testing and assessment of novel crisis management solutions, thereby creating more rational grounds for their operational uptake or otherwise. By thus improving the interaction between users and solutions providers DRIVER aims at strengthening the European CM innovation eco-system.
THREATS – Terrorist Attacks on Hospitals: Risk and Emergency Assessment, Tools and Systems is a project co-funded by the Prevention, Preparedness and Consequence Management of Terrorism and other Security-related Risk Programme of the European Union. The THREATS project aims to increase the resilience of EU hospitals as critical infrastructure by improving their protection capability and security awareness against terrorist attacks. The project’s aims are:
- To develop a reliable method for assessing the risks and vulnerabilities of major EU health infrastructures to terrorist attacks;
- To prepare specific security and threat assessment models and tools applicable to the Health sector using other EU projects;
- To challenge these tools through application to the San Raffaele Hospital in Milan;
- To disseminate guidelines designed to optimize the preparedness of hospitals’ healthcare infrastructures against terrorist attacks.
EPISECC: Establish pan-European information space to enhance security of citizens
In a disaster situation three things contribute to a success: having the right resource available in the shortest time, with the highest relevance and at the right location. Access to necessary information, communication with other rescuers and stakeholders as well as the availability of resources are key factors in minimizing damage and loss of life. Large-scale disasters and crisis situations increase the requirements on man and material exponentially. Additional challenges, in particular in cross border events, include language barriers, knowhow and organizational barriers and technical barriers (communication and data exchange).
To address this challenge, EPISECC analysis three defining factors:
1. Past responses to critical events and disasters in terms of time and cost
2. The data and data management tool used by crisis managers and first responders
3. The organisational structures of the crisis managers and first responders
This analysis will enable the definition of a concept for a common information space. A requirement for a successful pan European information space is the definition of a common taxonomy. The common information space, which implies an EU wide standardization activity, will widen the EU wide market for organization developing solutions and tools for crisis management.