The second work package that comprises the TACTIC project is concerned with the development of participatory multi-hazard community preparedness self-assessments, which enable communities to assess and increase their preparedness to large-scale and cross-border hazards by answering and receiving feedback on a series of questions. As organisations and the public have different preparedness roles and responsibilities, TACTIC has created two self-assessments: one for organisations involved in risk management and one for the general public.
As organisations commonly lack knowledge on the available methods and effectiveness of their risk communication strategy, there is a clear need for different preparedness communications practices to be evaluated. The organisational self-assessment is designed to encourage organisations responsible for disaster risk management to consider their current risk communication strategy, resulting in a more systematic strategy. The figure below highlights the relationship between the organisational and general public’s self-assessments. Organisations are provided with the results of the general public’s self-assessment in order to develop their risk communication strategy. For the general public, their self-assessment is designed to provide them with feedback on their own preparedness relating to the different hazards that TACTIC focuses on.
The relationship between the organisational & public self-assessment
The self-assessments were developed based on the findings of Work package 1 on risk perception and preparedness and an understanding of the different components of preparedness (knowledge, motivation, networks, responsibilities and resources). However, as the organisational and general public self-assessments have different overarching aims, there are variations in their content, as shown in the figure below.
The content of the self-assessments
In relation to the answers that they provide to the series of questions comprising the self-assessment, each type of user receives feedback once the self-assessment has been completed. For instance, on completing the self-assessment, organisations receive a structured feedback report, which provides them with information and advice related to the aims, communication methods, key message and audience of their strategy. The general public also receive feedback based on their responses to the questions, which is designed to increase their preparedness. In addition, both organisations and the general public also receive suggestions of good practices related to their responses. Please see work package 3 for further information on the preparedness communication and education material and practices.